Prediabetes is when blood sugar is higher than normal and a person is at risk of becoming a Type II Diabetic. One is considered Prediabetic when their Hgb A1C lab test is between 5.7-6.4 percent, anything over 6.5 percent is considered Type II Diabetic.
People that are Prediabetic, and Diabetic, do not process sugar properly and efficiently. Insulin is responsible for taking sugar molecules from the bloodstream into the cell to be used for energy. When one becomes Prediabetic, or Diabetic, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or your cells become resistant to insulin, resulting in excess sugar in the bloodstream. Excess sugar in the bloodstream can have many negative physiological effects such as:
- Nerve Damage
- Worsening vision/ damage to your eyes
- Stomach and intestinal problems
- Slow healing cuts and sores
There is good news! Lifestyle changes can be made so that a Prediabetic does not progress down the path of becoming Type II Diabetic. Lifestyle changes include:
- Eating Healthy Foods
- Consult with a Registered Dietitian to help you change the types and amounts of foods you eat.
- Incorporating exercise
- Ask your doctor what kind and amount of exercise is right for you.
- Losing weight
- Losing weight can help decrease insulin resistance allowing your cells to uptake and utilize blood sugars, decreasing the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.
Most of the time there are no signs or symptoms to know if you are Prediabetic. If you have concerns, such as diabetes running in your family or being overweight, talk to your doctor about running a HgbA1C lab test and make the necessary lifestyle changes.
- “Prediabetes.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Clinic Staff, 2 Aug. 2017, mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prediabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20355278.
“High Blood Sugar and Diabetes.” WebMD, WebMD, 25 Mar. 2017, www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/diabetes-hyperg