Nov 20, 2017
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Pancreatitis

The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the duodenum, and has two different jobs.  One is that it contains the islets of Langerhans that secrete insulin and glucagon.  The other primary role of the pancreas is the creation of digestive enzymes that it secretes into the small intestine.  Pancreatitis is … [ Read More ]

Controlling blood pressure

High blood pressure (or hypertension) is when your blood pressure, the force of the blood flowing through your blood vessels, is consistently too high.  High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work too hard, and the high force of the blood flow can harm arteries and organs. High blood pressure often has … [ Read More ]

Thawing Food Properly and Safely

Developing a preparation and thaw guide for production staff provides guidance to ensure a food product is pulled in advance to thaw under refrigeration. Product density will determine the length of time required to completely thaw. Individual meat patties, chicken pieces, ground meat, fish, and liquid eggs thaw in one to two days while meat … [ Read More ]

Vegetarian Diets

Many people are choosing to eat less meat and opting for a vegetarian diet, especially in recent years.  Reasons for adopting a vegetarian diet include improved health, religious beliefs, ethical reasons, and environmental concerns.  Following a vegetarian diet may decrease the risk of chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. All … [ Read More ]

Food and Drug Interactions

The widespread use of medications and dietary supplements along with the general population’s eating habits and health status can set the stage for numerous food-drug interactions.  Food-drug interactions can change the effectiveness of drugs or the side effects of medications can affect the nutritional status of an individual.  The elderly population is at an increased … [ Read More ]

Heart Healthy Eating

About 35 percent of the population has some form of heart disease and this life threatening condition is the leading cause of death in the United States. According to the American Heart Association, maintaining a heart healthy lifestyle is beneficial in the prevention and treatment of heart disease. It has been determined that a “heart … [ Read More ]

Vitamins and supplements

Search on-line the topic of vitamins and minerals and see what the public receives for information.  There are numerous conflicting opinions available on-line and in scientific studies.  Basic guidelines are that additional vitamins and minerals are not needed if one consumes a balanced diet based on USDA’s plate method.  If a balanced diet is in … [ Read More ]

Malnutrition and the Elderly

Malnutrition used to be an unknown, or a “skeleton in the hospital closet” per 1974 article that found several instances of nutritional neglect in hospitals by physicians (1).   Butterworth pointed out that changes in practice were urgently needed to properly identify and treat undernourished patients (1).  In the past 40 years, nutrition information has changed … [ Read More ]

Dysphagia Diets

The National Dysphagia Diet (NDD), was published in 2002 by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, to establish standard terminology for dietary texture modification in dysphagia management.  It proposes the classification of foods according to eight textural properties, and anchor foods to represent points along continuum for each property (1). A hierarchy of diet levels … [ Read More ]

Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease and those affected are unable to tolerate gluten.  In those with celiac disease, gluten causes the immune system to attack its own bowel tissue and damages the small intestines.  The villi that line the small intestine are eroded.  This may lead to malabsorption and malnutrition as the villi are … [ Read More ]